- Plant Name- Ficus Bonsai Tree
- Bonsai Age- 25 + Years
- Plant Height- Upto 30 inches
- Dark Brown Bonsai Tray- 12 x 16 inches
What is Bonsai?
- The word “Bonsai” (often misspelled as bonzai or banzai) is a Japanese term which, literally translated, means “planted in a container”.
- Bonsai means the art of growing ornamental, artificially dwarfed varieties of trees and shrubs in pots.
- This art form is derived from an ancient Chinese horticultural practice, part of which was then redeveloped under the influence of Japanese Zen Buddhism.
Ficus Plant Trivia:
- The ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants (Moraceae) and is the most popular indoor tree species for beginners at Bonsai.
- Ficus plants are one of the most popular foliage plants suitable for growing as ornamental semi indoor plants. The genus includes trailing types, bonsai, and of course the indoor ficus tree. They are not hard plants to grow; most people just above beginner level can grow and maintain them very well.
- Ficus Ginseng Bonsai plants are poisonous for pets, it can be especially dangerous if they eat the leaves. The trees should be placed out of the pets' reach.
- There are hundreds of varieties of the Ficus, but the most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa, which is often shaped in an s-curved trunk and has oval, dark green leaves. The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate and Taiwan varieties are quite similar to the Retusa.
How to take care of Bonsai?
- Location- Don’t start by growing bonsai indoors. Bonsai are trees, and trees are outdoor plants. There are a few more species for bonsai which will tolerate indoor cultivation, but none of them really thrive indoors.
- Watering- The Ficus should be watered normally, which means it should be given water generously whenever the soil gets slightly dry. The Bonsai Ficus can tolerate occasional over- or under-watering. Soft water with room temperature is perfect. Daily misting to maintain humidity is advised, don't overdo this otherwise fungal problems can appear.
- Fertilizing- Fertilize weekly or every two weeks during summer, every two to four weeks during winter (if the growth doesn't stop). Liquid fertilizer can be used as well as organic fertilizer pellets.
- Pruning- Regular pruning is necessary to retain the tree’s shape. Prune back to 2 leaves after 6-8 leaves have grown. Leaf pruning can be used to reduce leaf size, as some ficus Bonsai species normally grow large leaves. If a considerable thickening of the trunk is desired, the ficus can be left to grow freely for one or two years.
- Wiring- Wiring of thin to medium-strong ficus branches is easy as they are very flexible. The wires should be checked regularly though, as they cut into the bark very quickly. Strong branches should be shaped with guy-wires because those can be left on the tree for a much longer period.
- Pests / diseases- The fig species are quite resistant against pests. Depending on the location, especially in winter, a number of problems can occur anyway. Dry air and a lack of light weaken the Bonsai ficus and often result in leaf drop. Customary systemic insecticide sticks to put into the soil or insecticide / miticide sprays will work.
- Repotting- Repot the tree during spring every other year, using a basic soil mixture. Ficus tolerates root-pruning very well.
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- Keep plants in medium-light locations, out of direct sunlight.
- Natural light is best, but some plants can also thrive in office fluorescent light.
- Plant soil should be kept moist at all time.
- Be careful to avoid overwatering.
- Do not allow plants to stand in water.
- Avoid wetting plant leaves excessively.
- A spray of water should help in case of flowering plants.
- Plants should be kept in a cool spot (between 18-28°C).
- Remove waste leaves and stems from time to time.
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